This can take place through droplets,
whenever a person suffering from the
disease emitting T.B. Bacilli,spits
or sneezes,or laughs or coughs. The
particles getting suspended in the air
are full of T.B. Bacilli. Other healthy
persons inhale the same air and get
affected. It should be remembered that
once this tiny bacillus enters human
body through inhalation or infected
droplet, it can affect any organ of
the body right from middle ear to bone.
But if the person getting infected is
having good health, one can fight back
the mouth while sneezing or coughing
by every person, but specially if a
person is suffering from T.B.
spitting anywhere inadvertently by the
person suffering from TB. Normal air
current present in the room,can keep
this organisms air borne.
the milk before drinking.
good health can help prevent the spread
of the disease there by reducing the
risk of infection.
ventilation. At least 20 air changes (
via cross ventilation) per hour to minimise
the chance of spread.
Armaments to Fight T.B. :
present we have drugs like Rifampicen,
Ethambutol, Isoniazid, Pyrazinamide,
Streptomycin, Ciprofloxacin, Roxythromycin,
Kanamycin, PAS, Ethinamid, Cycloserin,
First 5 drugs are primary ones where
duration of treatment is 6
to 9 months but is uncertain,
while rest are used in the treatment
of Multiple Drug Resistance (MDR) T.B.
cases. Where duration of treatment is
to 18 months.
The treatment is very expensive costing
to Rs.1,50,000 and still
it is uncertain and has few side effects
Total patient's compliance is must for
successful outcome.Good personal hygiene
manners (like covering mouth, not spitting
on roads etc.), maintaining surrounding
clean & BCG vaccination will help
long way in preventing T.B. from spreading.
a disease, where patient's active participation
in the management of it is of paramount